Common Aquarium Plants

 
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Common Aquarium Plants

    Below are some commonly available aquarium plants.  Don't forget to review our aquarium plants main page and to purchase some aquarium plant care products and fertilizers, prior to purchasing your aquarium plants.

Plant Name Description
Substrate Light pH Hardness Temp.


African Tiger Lotus
Nymphaea maculata 

West Africa aquarium plant. The upper part of the leaves are a brownish red to subdued red with the bottom of the leaf being a bright purple growing up to 18"
gravel bright 6.5-7.2 Wide Range 68-86 F


African Water Fern
Bolbitis heudelotii

Originating in tropical West Africa with a dark green to black shoots growing up to 12 inches long.
Attach to rocks, bogwood subdued 6.5-7.2 Wide Range 72-82 F 

Amazon Sword Plant
Echinodorus bleheri (paniculatus)

Amazon River plant readily available. Best if planted in center of the tank.  Excellent plant to have when attempting to raise and breed Angelfish and Discus. 

gravel with nutrients normal 6.5-7.2 Soft 72-82 F

Anubius
Anubius Barteri,var nana

Origin is Cameroon, Africa.  A creeping type of plant that gets about 4 inches tall.  A nice flowering plant.  Does very well when planting 3 plants 2.5 - 3 inches apart. 

gravel with nutrients subdued to normal 6.2-7.2 Soft 72-82 F
Aponogeton undulatus 

Origin is Sri Lanka needing iron enriched fertilizer to thrive. A great plant by its self or in groups. This plant has a dormant stage. See Laceleaf plant / Madagascar Lace plant

gravel bright 6.5-7.2 Soft 72-86 F
Banana Plant
Nymphoides aquatica

From the southern Atlantic coast of the USA. Does well in in shallow bright light waters. 

gravel bright 6.8-8.0 Wide Range 68-77 F
Borneo Sword/Malayan Sword
Aglaonema simples

A slow growing, low temperature plant. From Malaysia. Grows to 15 inches in height. Leaves are reddish in color when young turning to dark green as they get older. Propagate by dividing the rhizome.

 gravel Moderate 6.8-7.6 Soft 73 - 78 F
Broad-leaf Amazon Sword Plant
Echinodorus paniculatus
also known as E.bleheri

Most common of the sword plants, this plant is very tolerant of water conditions. It does well in hard water. The color can range from a pale green to a vivid green making it a center piece of your show tank.

gravel Moderate 6.6-8.0 Wide Range 68-81 F

Dwarf Anubias
Anubias nana

Origin is West Africa. Adapting to aquarium conditions quickly. Grows to a maximum of 6 inches. A very forgiving plant, making it a great choice for beginners as well as the advanced aquarist.

gravel Low or subdued 6.4-8.0 Wide Range 64-80 F
Dwarf Cryp
Cryptocoryne nevillii

Origin Sri Lanka, this is a good foreground plant attaining a height of 4 inches. Plant in group of 5-7.

Fine gravel bright 6.6-7.8 Wide Range 68-80 F
Dwarf Four Leaf Clover
Marsilea crenata

Carpeting type plant adapting to aquarium conditions quickly. A great foreground plant. Grows to a maximum of 4 inches tall. A very forgiving plant, making it a great choice for beginners as well as the advanced aquarist.

gravel Low or subdued 6.4-8.2 Wide range 64-82 F

Dwarf Hygro
Hygrophila polysperma

Origin Sri Lanka this is a good midground plant attaining a height of 18 inches. Planting in groups of 5-7 seems best for this plant.

 gravel Bright 6.4-7.8 Wide Range 59-86 F

Dwarf Sagittaria
Sagittaria subulata var. subulata

A grassy like plant growing to a maximum of two inches tall. A very forgiving plant accepting most water conditions. Does well in groups of 5-7 

gravel Moderate 6.5-7.2 Wide Range 55-79 F 

Elodia
Egeria densa elodia

A common tall aquarium plant that is very easy and very forgiving in conditions. Does well in groups of 5-7, while also serving as an excellent thicket for fry fish to hide and feed. 

gravel Moderate to Bright Wide Range Wide Range 55-79 F 

Green Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana

Readily available plant, used for decoration as well as for breeding fish. Very wide range of conditions. Can be planted or floated in cluster for cover for fry fish. 

 gravel Moderate 6.4-82 Wide Range 55-77 F

Giant Ambulia
Limnophila aquatica

Origin is India and Sri Lanka this plant similar to Cabomba. Grows to rapidly and large.  Usually does well in groups of 5-7 individuals planted about 2.5 inches apaart.

gravel Bright 6.0-7.4 Wide Range 68-77 F


Giant Cryp
Crypyocoryne blassii

Thailand. Leaves can vary from olive green to a wine red. Growing to 12 inches.

gravel Moderate 5-11 Wide Range 77 F 

Hornwort
Ceratophyllum sumersum

Readily available aquarium plant. Excellent for breeding fish. A floating plant requiring a lot of light. 

Floating Bright 6.2-8.2 Wide Range 50-82 F

Indian Fern
Ceratopteris thalictroids

A true water fern that can be planted of left as a floating plant. Ranging in color from yellows to dark greens.

gravel Bright 6.2-8.2 Wide Range 68-77 F 
Japanese Rush
Acorus gramineus

A slow growing, low temperature plant. From Eastern Asia. Grows to 12 inches in height. Propagate by dividing the rhizome.

gravel Moderate 6.8 to 7.5 Wide Range 60-72 F

Java Fern
Microsorium pteropus

A hardy fern with a complete lack of regard for water conditions. You don't plant this one, just sit it in the aquarium or on a log it will attach it self.

Not applicable Subdued Wide Range Wide Range 68-77 F

Java Moss
Vesicularia dubyana

A thick and creeping type of tangled mass from Southeast Asia. Light to dark green in color depending on the light.  Excellent for cover for many types of fry fsih

Rocks or driftwood Subdued 6.2-8.2 Wide Range 66-78 F

Laceleaf plant
Madagascar Lace plant
Aponogeton madagacariensis >

Requires hard, but very clean water. A somewhat difficult plant to grow, requiring medium light. Leaves are up to thirteen inches in length. A very good center piece plant. This plant does go into "hiding" as the tuber seems unable to store nutrients. At this time the leaves disintegrate. Just wait it out as the plant will start another growth cycle. This is when most aquarist make the mistake of throwing out the plant, a little patience will go a long way with the Lace Plant.

 gravel Moderate 5.5.6.5 On the hard side  59-77 F 
Malayan Sword
Borneo Sword
Aglaonema simples

A slow growing, low temperature plant. From Malaysia. Grows to 15 inches in height. Leaves are reddish in color when young turning to dark green as they get older. Propagate by dividing the rhizome.

gravel Moderate 6.5-7.2 Soft 66-78 F

Orchid Lily
Barclaya longifolia

A very beautiful addition to any aquarium. This plant is also a tuber, with a deep reddish purple color.

gravel rich in nutrients Normal 6.8-7.2 Soft 77-86 F 

Oriental Water Fern
Certoperis thalictroides

Grows up to 20 inches tall. Has dense rosette, with light green leafy blades. Grows rapidly, reproducing readily in most aquariums. Plant in bunches of four to seven for best effect.

gravel Normal 6.6-7.8 Wide Range 72-68 F
Pennywort
Hydrocotyle vulgaris

Grows up to 3 inches tall making it an excellent foreground plant. Has light green leafy blades. Grows rapidly, reproducing readily in most aquariums. Plant in bunches of four to seven for best effect.

Fine gravel Bright 6.4-7.8 Wide Range 50-77 F

Pygmy Chain Swordplant
Echinodorus tenellus

A wide ranging plant from the North and South Americas. Grows to 3 inches in height. A good foreground plant, also used for breeding.

gravel Normal 6.5-7.2 3-18dH 60-80 F
Red Ammannia
Ammannis senegalensis

Origin is Africa ranging in color from a deep red to reddish-purple or a wine color. 

gravel Strong 6.6-7.4 Wide Range 68-79 F

Red Hygrophila
Alternanthera rosaefolia

Comes in colors ranging from a deep red to reddish-purple or a wine color. A somewhat difficult plant to grow, requiring strong light. Leaves are up to three inches in length. Plant in bunches of four to seven for best

 gravel Strong 6.8-7.6 Soft 64-68 F
Red Ludwigia
Ludwigia mullertii

A great middle or background plant with its greenish to red leaves it make a good contrasting plant. Grows to 15 inches.

gravel bright 6.5-7.2 Wide Range 57-79 F
Ruffled Amazon Swordplant
Echinodorus major

A swordplant reaching 18 inches. Will make a very good center piece or plant in groups of three.

gravel rich in nutrients bright 6.5-7.2 Soft 68-77 F

Vallisneria
Vallisneria spiralis

A popular and very hardy plant from Southern Europe with a wide temperature range. Very tolerant of light and water conditions making it a good first plant.

gravel Bright 6.2-8.2 Wide Range 60-86 F 
Water Pennywort
Hydrocotyle leucocephala

Origin is Brazil, growing 20 inches. Leaves are round to kidney shaped having very fine roots. Grows very rapidly. If it gets too tall, just cut the top half and plant the topping.

gravel Bright 6.4-7.6 Soft 68-82 F
Water Stargrass
Heteranthera zosterifolis

A South American plant having bright green leaves. Grows to 6 inches. Does best in groups of 5.7

gravel Bright 6.4-7.6 Soft 64-80 F
Wavy Edged Swordplant
Aponogeton boivinianus

A tuber plant from Northern Madagascar growing up to 18 inches long.  

gravel with nutrients normal 7.3-7.7 Hard 64-77 F

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